7 Section 1-7

17: The Verb haben—to have

You have already learned how to conjugate the verb sein, to be. The next verb you will learn is haben, to have. Both haben and sein are the two most important verbs in the German language. Not only are they very common in everyday speech, but they will also be used in future chapters to form the past tense.

Here is the verb haben conjugated for all forms. It is slightly irregular in the du and er/sie/es, so you will need to memorize their conjugations.

ich habe

wir haben

du hast

ihr habt

er/sie/es hat

sie/Sie haben

  • Ich habe im September Geburtstag.
  • Du hast das Buch.
  • Er hat morgen Biologie.
  • Sie hat das Papier.
  • Wir haben Psychologie am Montag.
  • Ihr habt eine Katze.
  • Sie haben im März Geburtstag.

 

Video. Conjugate “haben.”  Watch the video to see me reteaching this.

In the box below is a list of classes that you may have right now. Most of them are very similar to English.

 

Ex. A: Kurse. Talk with a partner about your schedule for today (heute) and tomorrow (morgen).

         A: Welche Kurse hast du heute?

         B: Ich habe heute __________ und ___________.

         A: Welche Kurse hast du morgen?

         B: Ich habe morgen __________ und ___________.

 

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Days of the Week

You can also use the days of the week with the verb haben to describe your schedule.

 

Notice that the days of the week have certain patterns.

  • All but Mittwoch end in the word Tag, day.
  • Mittwoch literally means “midweek.”
  • Where we see the letters “t” or “th” in English, there is often a “d” in German. →Dienstag (Tuesday); Donnerstag (Thursday)

To say that you do something on a certain day, use the preposition am before the day.

           am Mittwoch→on Wednesday

           am Samstag→on Saturday

           am Dienstag→on Tuesday

 

Ex. B: Wann hat Philipp Chemie? Answer the questions about Philipp’s schedule in complete sentences, using the verb haben and the days of the week.

Montag

Dienstag

Mittwoch

Donnerstag

Freitag

Samstag

Sonntag

Biologie

Musik

Deutsch

Chemie

Deutsch

Biologie

Deutsch

Chemie

Musik

Biologie

Deutsch

Spanisch

frei

        Beispiel: Wann hat Philipp Spanisch?

                 →Philipp hat am Freitag Spanisch.

  1. Wann hat Philipp Biologie?
  2. Wann hat er Chemie?
  3. Wann hat er Deutsch?
  4. Wann hat er Spanisch?
  5. Wann hat er Musik?
  6. Wann hat er frei?
  7. Was hat Philipp am Montag?
  8. Was hat Philipp am Dienstag?
  9. Was hat Philipp am Mittwoch?
  10. Was hat Philipp am Donnerstag?
  11. Was hat Philipp am Freitag?
  12. Was hat Philipp am Samstag?
  13. Was hat Philipp am Sonntag?

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Ex. C: Now answer the questions about your own schedule in complete sentences. If you don’t have anything on a certain day, you can always say, “Ich habe frei.”

  1. Was haben Sie am Montag?
  2. Was haben Sie am Dienstag?
  3. Was haben Sie am Mittwoch?
  4. Was haben Sie am Donnerstag?
  5. Was haben Sie am Freitag?
  6. Was haben Sie am Samstag?
  7. Was haben Sie am Sonntag?
  8. Wann haben Sie Deutsch?

Ex. D: Ask a partner the questions from the exercise above. Now write a brief paragraph about his/her schedule in third person.

 

 

 

 

Ex. E: Haben. Go to Germanzone.org’s website to practice conjugating the verb “haben.” Don’t worry about all the words you may not know for now; just look at the subject to conjugate the verb.

 

Deutsche Musik! Want to practice the days of the week through music? Click on the video to hear the song “Jeden Tag” by Nena. In the chorus, she repeats the days of the week beginning with Montag. (The week begins on Monday in Germany.)

Songtext: https://genius.com/Nena-jeden-tag-lyrics

 

Ex. F: Video. Easy German: Days of the Week.

The video shows interviews with Germans talking about their weekly schedules. Using what you learn in the video through subtitles, try to figure out what the following new words mean.

  1. arbeiten
  2. Bergfest
  3. Sport
  4. Flohmarkt
  5. Wasser
  6. Kino
  7. Frühstück

The months of the year are very similar in German.

Note a few differences in pronunciation:

  • The letter “j” in German is pronounced like a “y” in English.
  • The letter “ä” in German is pronounced like the first “e” in the word “ever.”
  • In the word “August,” the 2nd syllable is stressed: au-GUST

Watch out!

So far, you have seen two very similar words in German that both mean “in”:  in and im.  For now, ONLY use im with months and seasons.  In a later chapter, you will learn the difference between these two words.

To say that you do something in a certain month, use the word im in front of the month.

  •            im Januar—in January
  •            im Oktober—in October
  •            im Juli—in July

           Wann hat Ingrid Geburtstag?         When does Ingrid have a birthday?

           Sie hat im September Geburtstag.   She has a birthday in September.

 

“Aachener Rosenmontagszug 2013” by Neuwieser is marked with CC BY-SA 2.0.

 

Karneval ist im Februar oder im März.

 

 

 

 

Video:  Watch YourGermanTeacher’s video to hear the days of the week and the months of the year being pronounced.

Ex. G: Geburtstag. Ask your classmates when they have birthdays.

         A: Wann hast du Geburtstag?

         B: Ich habe im ____________ Geburtstag.

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Ex. H: Using the cues below and the verb haben, form complete sentences to tell when the following people have birthdays. Don’t forget to change the verb so that it agrees with the subject.

        Beispiel: Peter/Dezember

                  →Peter hat im Dezember Geburtstag.

  1. Michael/Mai
  2. Veronika/September
  3. du und ich/Oktober
  4. ihr/Februar
  5. er/Januar
  6. sie (singular)/April
  7. Fabian und Katja/November
  8. Jana/März

 

Ex. I: Haben! As a review, fill in the blanks with the correct conjugation for the verb haben

  1. Wir ________zwei Kulis.
  2. Ich ___________ ein Haus in Berlin.
  3. Maria und Tobias _____________ viele Freunde in Deutschland.
  4. Frau Schmidt, _____________ Sie im Dezember Geburtstag?
  5. Ihr ____________ ein Buch auf Deutsch.
  6. Du und ich ____________ am Montag Chemie und Mathe.
  7. Sie (singular) __________ morgen frei.
  8. Der Professor ____________ heute frei.
  9. Das Kind __________ drei Computer.

 

EXTRA PRACTICE with days, months, and seasons.

Video. Easy German: Haben.  Watch the video to see lots of examples with the verb “haben” in real life.

EXTRA PRACTICE: Need more practice with haben? Click the link below for some online practice that will check your answers automatically. There may be some words in the sentences that you don’t understand, but don’t worry about those for now. All you need to do is to look for the subject of the sentence and conjugate the verb for that.

CHALLENGING PRACTICEFor those who wish to go beyond what we have learned, these exercises will provide you with a challenge. You will be conjugating both sein and haben. Additionally, you will have to choose which of the verbs is more appropriate in each sentence. As always, the site will grade your answers and give you feedback.

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German 101 by Rebecca Linam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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